Phone: +7 911 942 59 68

E-mail: mariya.shadrina2013@yandex.ru

St. Petersburg private guide

I am St. Petersburg private guide Maria. Graduated from the Theatre Academy in Leningrad, I have the higher art historian education and certificate of the guides-interpreters school at Intourist. I represent a team of experienced licensed tour guides of St. Petersburg. I and my colleagues will conduct fascinating tours of St. Petersburg, Pushkin, Peterhof and other suburban parks and palaces for individual tourists, big groups and cruiese passengers. Excursion can pass in Russian, English, Italian and other languages. All of us have been working in tourism (the personal guide in St. Petersburg) for more than ten years. We have licenses of all museums of St. Petersburg and accreditation of Committee of Culture at administration of St. Petersburg. We worked for many well-known travel companies of the city. I will make for you or your group the interesting program for one or several days taking into account your offers. I will order vouchers in the museums granting the right of an entrance out of turn. We conduct tours for children, and also can work as your personal assistant-translator. Transport order: car, minibus, bus and transfer. Evening entertainments: booking of the theatre tickets and evening programs with folk show.


Choose the tour and contact us. Please write the date of the tour, language, how many people, if you need the transport, your wishes. We'll reply you soon. On this page you can read about the most popular tours of St. Petersburg, histotical events, monuments, palaces, sguares and streets.


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price for the group   (guide service) 


 City tour, walking or with transport (3  hours)


+ transport + museum ticket Entrance without waiting

 City tour + Peter and Paul fortress (4 hours)


+ transport + museum ticket Entrance without waiting

 City tour + Saviour on the Spilt Blood  church (4 hours)


+ transport + museum ticket Entrance without waiting

 City tour + St. Isaac's cathedral (4 hours)


+ transport + museum ticket  Entrance without waiting

 Hermitage tour (2-2,5 hours)


+ museum ticket               Entrance without waiting

 Catherine palace, Amber room tour+ park (5 hours)


+ transport + museum ticket Entrance without waiting

 Peterhof tour fountains, palace + park    (5 hours)


+ transport + museum ticket Entrance without waiting

 Rivers and canals (individual boat)


  price negotiable

 City tour + Saviour on the Spilt Blood + St. Isaac's cathedral  (5 hours)


+ transport + museum ticket Entrance without waiting    


Bob Beemer - one of the most famous and respected sound engineers in Hollywood, who has been nominated for 7 Academy Awards and received Oscars for Dreamgirls, Ray, Gladiator and Speed. The city tour and the tour of Peter and Paul fortress was conducted for him by St. Petersburg private guide Maria. May 27- the citadel was founded (year 1703) is the day of birth of St. Petersburg. The spectacular Peter and Paul cathedral was erected by the talented architect Trezini. All the tsars-emperors from Peter (he founded Petersburg) to Nikolas 2 are buried here. The citadel was not attacked. The stringent political jail was here for 2 centuries. Peter's entrance gates where the wooden relief preserved from 18 century. The sights: the authentic house of engineers, house for the artillery team, scandalize monument to Peter by Shemiakin, the operating mint. At 12 am you'll hear the traditional midday cannon shot. From the Commandant pier you'll admire the staggering panorama. We'll pass under the Neva gates. The marks within the arch indicate the floods level, the most ruinous, happened here. This fortress reminds the tiny town with buildings of eighteen century. You will imagine how our city looked like when it was being constructed 300 years ago and St. Petersburg private tour guide can accompany you to the temporary exhibitions. 

Neil Rackham the world famous writer and speaker on marketing and sales, three of his books have been on the New York Times best seller list and his books have been translated into 50 languages visited the city with Saint Petersburg private guide. Laying of Peter and Paul fortress on Zayachy island, Peter the great wanted Petersburg to become a naval fortress and trade center. But because of the shallow water the port on the Petrograd side could not be developed and it was decided to move it to the Vasilievsky island. East Cape of the island where the Neva divides into Big and Small has been called the point of the Vasilievsky island. The main water artery of the city is the Neva. Its length within St. Petersburgis 32 km. At the mouth the Neva splits into many brunches. The Small Neva, Large, Medium are the most significant. Since the first years of the city the construction of the canals started. The number of rivers, canals occupies the first place in the country (80 rivers, streams and channels). Their total length is 3 times more than the length of the Neva. There are 100 bodies of water: lakes, ponds, reservoirs. Neva geologically is young river. It is little over 4 thousand years. It flows from Ladoga lake and empties into the Finland Gulf. It's length is 74 kilometers, it's average width is 600 meters, depth is 24 meters.

Samuel Waksal, Ph.D., the founder and former CEO of the biopharmaceutical company ImClone Systems, also CEO and the founder of Kadmon Pharmaceuticals visited St. Petersburg with the private guide. Mr. Waksal led the company to develop the landmark cancer drug Erbitux (cetuximab). He is on the Main staircase of the Winter palace. Personal St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that the Hermitage appeared in1764 and originally was only a «private collection». Catherine possessed. «Hermitage» means the monk's cell, venue of solitude. It acquired significance, became notorious. It was gravely inaugurated for visitors 101 years later. After 1917 the Palace became not important any longer. The museum gradually borrowed all its premises. Enthusiastic sovereigns did not economize monies to procure artworks. Abound of treasures could be enough for many museums.

Personal St. Petersburgprivate guide will show you the artworks by Italian geniuses: Da Vinci, Rafael and Titian, Spanish creators: El Greco and Velazquez. There is the unmatched collection by Dutch masters, artists from England. Fashion influence brought the works by Impressionists: Monet and Renuar, Picasso and Gauguin here. Perhaps, for children and students the knight's armor, weapons, unique jewelry is more curious. The famous clockwork peacock presented to Catherine by Potemkin can't leave indifferent. Today it works but, unfortunately, rare. Peacock is wound up on Wednesday. The stunner in the Pavilion hall happens once a week. Sympathetic figures of animals move and this is miracle indeed.


Your St. Petersburg private guides will tell you about the absorbing history of St. Isaac's cathedral, how the massive columns (each 114 tons, granite from Finland) were levitated during 45 minutes. It's unimaginably, hundred kg of gold leaf were exploited for the colossal dome. This unique cathedral is “the depository of stones”, because forty four diversities of minerals (four tons of marble, two tons of malachite, fifty kilograms of lapis lazuli) were exploited in decoration. Enormous interiors are beautifully garnished with excellent mosaics and paintings, gorgeous sculptures. Behind the Holy gates there is colossal size stained-glass panel. The gifted and aspiring architect from Paris Auguste Montferrand arrived to the northern capital. Auguste worked here during all his lifetime to erect his desirable masterpiece. St. Isaac's was raised from 1818 - 1858. It's the 4-th hugest domed European erection, 101,5 meters high. The lofty colonnade with observation deck invites us to contemplate the splendid city scenery with St. Petersburg private guide who will demonstrate you the grandiose cathedral erected as the dominating Empire church. 

Your St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that the Amber room was placed on the 100 sq. meters space, and 40 sq meters of amber were disposed among the mirrors. The chamber was embellished with Florentine mosaic. Suddenly the missing decorative items emerged in 1745. Prussian king gifted Elizabeth one opulent frame of that room (arch. Reich). This study was predestinated for formal receptions. Its final aspect Amber room took only 1770. Alterations were accomplished in pursuance to the Catherine's ordinance. The renovation was performed subsequently five times.

Personal private guide St. Petersburg will tell you that while the war with Hitler, the Amber room wasn't regrettably shifted to the rear with invaluable exhibits. The reason: details were too fragile. It was preserved, having pasted over by gauze and paper, cotton wool. It was not saved. Occupants have transfered it to Konigsberg. Stolen doors, panels were brougt to the castle of Konigsberg. The object was briskly parsed and then taken in obscure direction in 1944 (the retreat the Nazi).

Personal St. Petersburg private tour will inform you that the government decided to reconstruct the Amber room. The implementation of the project started in 1983, completed in 1996. 41 specialists with Zhuravlev at the heard were employed. The state transferred 7 million $. The agreement between "Ruhrgas" and Russia was signed in 1999. The German company donated 3.55 million - applied for this arduous work. Minister Naumann handed V.V. Putin authentic fragment of the missing Amber study in 2000. Two pieces, founded in Germany, the gorgeous mosaic "Smell and touch" (florentine technique), made in 1787 (it were 4 mosaics) also the chest of drawers produced in 1711 by Berlin artisans. These items were the part of furnishing the veritable room returned to Russia. In 1997 the Deutsche authorities confiscated this mosaic from a notary, who has got it for deposit from the Nazi militarian involved in the seizure of the Amber room in Leningrad. Notary tried to sell it then was judged and ownership was recognized for his daughter. That lady refused from her claims for mosaic, transferring her rights to Bremen city that ceded it to "Tsarskoe Selo". Ultimately, the restorers had two identical objects of art. One artwork manufactured using Ural stones and the genuine, reverted from Germany. While comparing the 2 artworks, the copy and the true work just a minor difference was revealed. You will know it from St. Petersburg private tour in Russia.

Individual St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that the craftsmen of the workshop were able to create virtually the Florentine amber mosaics. The next stride of recreating of this effulgent room was terminated in 2002. Two huge shiny panels were established on the Southern wall. The artwork called «Touch and smell" was mounted in the central frame. In May 2003 works were finished, were accepted by expert Council with estimation "perfectly". Craftsmen are A. Krylov, A. Zhuravlev, B. Igdalov. The custodian was the restorer-artist A. Krylov.

Personal guided tours St. Petersburg will show you the city-museum Peterhof. This spot - magnificent ensemble in the environs of Petersburg. Visit of Peterhof should be incorporated in the tour program. Doubtlessly there are no parks with such variety of fountains anywhere. Versailles is actually the Peterhof's prototype. The exciting desire of "paradize - park" not worse than the french residence came to Peter in 1714. Peter developed independently the magnificent sketch of the parkland, did projects of nuances of the decor, some of the edifices, fountain dressing. Parkland  "suite" was realized rapidly.

Personal St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that in 1723 Peterhof was solemnly opened. The name given in Dutch means «the yard of Peter». Together with the garden the upper chamber has been made, Marly Palace, twenty wooden galleries, pavilions, Grand cascade and sixteen fountains. Gilded, alabaster and marble dazzlingly white statues and luxuriant vases were installed on the Fountains, alleys and terraces. The shrubs, trees carefully cared by the gardeners were planted everywhere. Rare plants, perfectly complementing the general view of the gardens of Petrodvorets planted in vases and pots will be shown by St. Petersburg private guide.

Your St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that the wonderful seaside residence was ready to argue by its grandeur with French, German, Italian park ensembles. Only the Russian capital caused no less surprise to foreigners than Peterhof. Later Anna, who dreamed to be Peter's successor, began a new construction works in Peterhof. The gifted architect Zemtsov was involved. He implemented the excellent ideas, which were born in Paris.

Local St. Petersburg private guides will tell you that in1881 Ignaty Grinevitsky killed Emperor Alexander 2. After the sovereign's martyr's death his sun inherited the throne. The city funds were destined to build in honor of this sad event chapel or a Church. However, in April at the expense of merchants Gromov and Militsin a wooden chapel appeared. Memorial services were conducted there. Meanwhile, newspapers announced a competition.The memorial temple planned to be built. The project by academician Parland and Archimandrite of the Trinity-Sergiev desert Ignatius was approved. The Resurrection of Christ temple was called by inhabitants the Saviour-on-Blood.

Local St. Petersburg private guide will inform that the Cathedral was built from 1883 to1901.The architecture concrete foundation has been applied in constructing. An ingenious basements, waterproofing system, central heating, electric lighting using 1689 lamps, lightning protection and other structures allowed to consider it modern building indeed. From distance, the Cathedral attracts attention with its breathtaking decor - a variety of trims, which include mosaic inserts and icons, corbels, ceramic and colorful tiles gilded and enameled. Inside the temple the walls, pillars, vaults are covered with mosaics.

Personal Saint-Petersburg private guide will tell you that the galaxy of artists - Ryabushkin and Koshelev, Vasnetsov and Kharlamov, Nesterov, Parland himself and others worked on the sketches of icons for iconostasis, dome ceilings, wall bases of icon cases. The place where the tsar mortally wounded fall down is specially emphasis in the decoration. It was carefully maintained, then splendid canopy, decorated with stars of Siberian semiprecious stones and topazes was withdrawn over it.

Personal St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that the fancy semi-circular fence near the Saviour and the garden was performed by Parland. The consecration was on the Transfiguration day. On the ceremony the tsar was present, his August wife, the clergy and the court. Remarkably, out of 5000000 rubles spent for this testimony of the heartfelt love to the liberator of peasants, 580000 were donated by the townspeople. The government provided the maintenance of this sanctuary.

You will hear from St. Petersburg private guide that St. Petersburgis called the Northern Venice. Both cities are embellished with countless rivers and canals. Petersburg attracts not only with its beauty but also with unique destiny. It has its own special style. The river boat trip is St. Petersburg visit card. Boat trip is the most unforgettable and impressive. You feel the real soul of the magnificent city. It looks different from the boat than from embankments and avenues. Boat trips are held during navigation - from May to late October. The tour (1 hour) covers all the highlights that any guest should see in Petersburg. As a rule it includes passing along the rivers: Neva, Moika, Fontanka, Griboedov canal.

With the knowledgeable St. Petersburg private guide the tourists will see palaces and aristocratic houses located along Moika and Fountain rivers. These are Shuvalov, Anichkov, Yusupov, count Sheremetyev, Beloselsky-Belozersky, Razumovsky and Stroganov palaces. The guide's story about each mansion will be embellished with a lot of legends connected with the residences' proprietors. From water one can see the embankments with the main city sights. These are St. Isaac's, Anichkov bridge, the cruiser "Aurora", the island "New Holland", "Chizhik-Pyzhik" (Siskin-bird) monument. The most vivid impressions are better in the sunny day. Even if it rains - don't worry - sit under the roof of the boat cabin, covered with a blanket and enjoy the voyage along the waterways.

Individual St. Petersburg private tours will demonstrate you the Yusupov palace. In this very palace the legendary Grigory Rasputin was savagely assassinated by Felix Yusupov and the participants of the bloody conspiracy occurred in Winter1916. The wax statues of protagonists of this sinister event impress visitors. The family nest of prince Yusupov, the affluent noble man in Russia. On the sunny-yellow facade there is the personal coat of arms of this eminent family. The exquisite luxury of the interiors is really breathtaking. The culmination of the architectural suite is the miniature classical theatre (125 seats only), decorated in rococo, the best work by Stepanov.

Your St. Petersburg private guide will show you the deepest metro in the world. From 65 stations 50 are located 30 m deep. Petersburg Metropolitan was the most Northern until 1982 before metro was inaugurated in Helsinki. It is the most northern, deepest and Western in Russia. The Western subway station is "Primorskaya". The «Admiralty» is 102 meters deep. The station «Pr. Veteranov» is the most loaded underground station in Russia, surpassing even «Vykhino» in Moscow. The «red branch» extension farther to the West is not initiated bacause of a threat of «Vykhino effect». The trains are so overcrowded on the last station that on the next stations people cannot sit in the coach. 8-coach trains are going along the red line, 6-coach on the others. The level of the subway congestion is the 12th in the world. Number 1 is Tokyo, Number 2 is Moscow. The 2-nd Russian metro built 20 years after Moscow subway in 1955. Every year 1 station is inaugurated. There are the world first stations with "horizontal lift" type doors. 10 «horizontal lifts» stations are in Petersburg metro only. Most of the stations are on the Neva Delta islands. From St. Petersburg private guide you will know a lot about metro.

Excursions for guests of the wedding party with St. Petersburg private guide in English. It is the city of amazing beauty, with rich history. That's why it attracts tourists. We offer tours around the most exciting attractions and historical places. The centre is full of historic buildings, some of which are under UNESCO protection. Excursions will plunge into the country's history to get acquainted with the monuments, other attractions and St. Petersburg wedding traditions. Wedding is not just an important event in the life of 2 people, but also mysterious ritual, which requires compliance with different traditions.
Your private guide in Russia will inform you that Petersburg traditions are very interesting and diverse and rooted in the deep past. Each rite carries a certain sense, every detail of is set to... To be happy: on the Point of Vasilievsky island, the couple must drink champagne, to break the glasses and release a pair of doves. The newlyweds must visit 3 bridges: Little-Konyushenny bridge, Theatre bridge, Novo-Konyushenny bridge near the Saviour on the Blood. At the end of walk the newlyweds lay flowers at the bronze horseman. To be rich: the couple must put their fingers in the mouth of the Griffin near the Sphinx.
Your St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that to fulfill desires: the newlyweds should drink champagne near the Sphinx, to write the desire, place the note in the bottle, throw it into the Neva. So the children were beautiful: the couple must touch the thumb of one of the Atlases (the Hermitage). When the couple performs city tour passing on the bridges they should kiss and under bridges witnesses should kiss. To find out how many years young people will live together they need to create the circles around the Theatre square and kissing. The number of these circles must be multiplied by 10, for so many years they will be together. We'll not be superstitious people, but for festivity and solemnity will follow Petersburg wedding traditions.
Licensed St. Petersburg private guide will mention during the sightseeing tour the «Decembrists» revolt. Nikolas, the third son of Paul 1 was born in 1796. His governor was General Matvei Lambsdorf who taught him military engineering. Nikolas succeeded Alexander 1 because the second brother Konstantin had given up his right to the throne. The morganatic marriage (his spouse-polish woman) was the reason. This was kept private within the imperial family. Alexander died and the army at first swore allegiance to Konstantine. The troops had to swear a new allegiance to Nikolas. That was exploited by radically-minded Petersburg officers. They lead the guards units on the square in December 1825. They dreamed to put an end of autocracy. For the rest of his life emperor Nicholas remained a stern autocrat, requiring only one thing from the subjects – obedience. Military – like order prevailed in all state institutions. The principal organ of administration became his Majesty's Chancellery with special significance being allotted to its «Third Department»,  the secret police established in 1826.
St. Petersburg private guide will pay your attention that at the station "A.Nevsky Square" where the bas-relief is presented. It portrays 5 riders on 4 horses. "Pushkinskaya" had to be opened in1955, but  was opened later, before inauguration he escalator collapsed. At «Avtovo» just 16 columns of 46 are faced with glass. The décor was not finished by contractor. So the columns were temporarily faced with stone. They did not fulfill the project. The bad relationship of Khrushchev to  the «architectural excesses» was the reason . The subway tour will inform you that there is 1 station «Dachnoie» closed forever. «Avtovo» became the 1-st station without escalators.
St. Petersburg private guide will show you the escalator at the «Lenin Square» 100 m long (the longest) with 729 steps. «Spasskaya»  is the only one without lobby. In 2008 the 5-th subway line was founded. "Admiralteyskaya" was built for the longest period of time. It was the «Ghost» (1997-2011). New stations are opened mostly in December. The Metropolitan is placed on the area of 2 Federation subjects. «Devyatkino» is on the territory of the region. «Technological Institute» became the first interchange with the cross-platform transition. The train speed is maximum 90 km/h. For 9 years the traffic from «Lesnaya» to «Pl. Muzhestva» was blocked. The tunnel erosion was the reason.
Your St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that the canal from Еkateringovka river to Ligovsky canal (it is Ligovsky pr. now) was dug to the design by Kvasov in 18 century. The Bypass (Obvodny) canal project belongs to engineer Кarbonie. From the city side it was reinforced shaft as a facility for defense. The Obvodny was conceived as a town's moat for customs purposes, the border guards. Outpost placed at the city entrance carried out passport control, goods inspection. Obvodny also served for sanitary protection during epidemics period. The new draft canal had to be a traffic artery linking the Neva and seaside bypassing the centre.

Local St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that in1805 engineer Lieutenant-General Gerrard started lining of the of the Obvodny canal Eastern site, expansion of the riverbed and dredging. The work was complicated with the projects for filling of the part of Volkovka riverbed, stone bridge erectionat the spot of crossing with the Ligovsky canal, the device of a new channel for the river Monastyrka. The works were interrupted by napoleon war. It was continued in1816 by engineers Basen and Klapeiron. In October 1833 the Obvodny was opened for shipping. It was elaborate hydraulic structure for those times with earthen slopes, fortified with shpunt. Wooden and iron bridges, bridge-aqueduct were spanned across the Obvodny.

St. Petersburg private tours will inform you that Obvodny canal became an important city shipping artery. It's banks began actively built up, the channel carried the transport cargo delivery to the enterprises that were growing. While building of the Nickolas and Tsarskoselskaya railway roads overpasses were built across the channel. Industrial enterprises were erected. The working districts originated around enterprises, the social infrastructure. For industrial enterprises the Obvodny served as a source and a collector that gathered waste water. Navigation was stopped in 19 c. because of the increase of draught of vessels.
St. Petersburg tour guide will underline that the further improvement of Obvodny canal took place in the Soviet times. Supervising by Dmitriev and engineer Tarasenko it was reconstructed in 1930s. The deepening and cleaning was held, the canal bank from Novo-Kalinkin to the Baltic railway station, from Shlisselburgski to Ligovsky Avenue were strengthened with cast wall. The wooden shabby bridges were replaced with modern. Schliesselburg, Novo-Kalinkin and Novo-Petergofsky bridges were erected. They strengthened the banks and constructed the channel embankments improvement. They desired to fill up the channel then turning it into avenue. But preference was given to its further reconstruction. Underground collector drain, new embankments and excellent bridges were built.
English speaking St. Petersburg individual guide will inform you that at the moment 21 bridges are spanned across Obvodny (2 railway bridges). Dominating buildings along embankments are red brick plants with high chimneys, towers, railway stations and depots. Soon the Obvodny canal ceased to be water artery and turned into transport highway. In addition Obvodny is significant as a typical industrial area. The houses along its banks are historical monuments. Obvodny has a historical value as a hydro engineering facility. Of interest are the structures of the Ecclesiastical Academy, Izmailov Commissariat stores, barracks of the Cossack guard regiment, Dileeva mansion. In the early 19 centuries Baltic station, Warsaw railway station, St. Mironiy Church, the Church of the Resurrection, the Rubber manufactory (the«Red triangle»), educational institution house were built. The Obvodny was conceived as a dam, protection against floods, but the nature of floods was not well known. The channel never fulfilled it's purpose. You will know it during shore excursions from Saint Petersburg private guide in Russia.
You will know from St. Petersburg private guide that the monument to Catherine 2 is situated at the Ostrovsky square. The idea to create it appeared during her reign. But tsarina was against it. In 1862 (100th accession anniversary) it was realized. The tender was announced. That sculpture had to adorn the yard of the Tsarskoselski Palace. Mikhail Mikeshin became the winner. His model in Rococo style received the medal at the exhibition in London. In April 1863 «the United Commission on the public uses and needs», Municipal Duma departments and personally Baron Fredericks decided to install it at Alexandrinsky square near the library, "an institution belonging to the Empress".

You will know from St. Petersburg private guide that for the new space they had to remodel project. Using the new drawing by Mikeshin master Sokolov cast its layout in scale 1/16. This layout was placed in the Grotto pavilion in Tsarskoye Selo. The General idea in the new project remained the same. Tsarina is erected on a high pedestal surrounded with her close associates. Individual wish of Baron Fredericks was that on pedestal had to be placed the figure of the actual privy Councilor Betskoy as the principal Catherine's officer in field of educational institutions.

Individual St. Petersburg private guide will inform you that as a result near the Empress (the monument to Catherine) sculptor posted nine people: Rumyantsev,  Potemkin, Suvorov, Derzhavin, Dashkova, A.A. Bezborodko, Betskoy, Chichagov, Orlov. On the front facade there is the Board with the attributes of the Sciences, agriculture, arts, maritime and military affairs. On the book among these attributes the word «law» and the phrase «to Empress Catherine 2 in the reign of Alexander 2 1873» is written. Grimm was appointed the head of these works. Opekushin and Chizhov (sculptors), architect Schreter also participated in that work. Granite carving in Finlandand the foundation construction began in 1869.

Local St. Petersburg private guide will inform you that fixation was made using convex and recesses without nails, screws or iron bars. For the lower part the granite from Putsalo quarry was used, base and a cornice are of gray granite from Yanisaari and the pedestal itself is made of dark-grey granite from Snekesalmi. 1 200 eight-meter piles were dug in during preparing of foundation in the earth. The mortgage stone with the reliquary inserted in it, created to the drawing by Grimm, with samples of silver and gold coins, medals of the reign of Catherine 2, Paul, Alexander 1, Nicholas 1 and Alexander 2 was put on he piles. Under the Foundation a Board was sуstemized with the name of Bobrinsky who then became the railways chief.

Licensed St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that the granite for the monument to Catherine was delivered from Karelia by water, unloaded on the embankment near the Summer garden. And further the enormous stone was transported on a portable railway made at San Gallithe factory. Figures for the pedestal were cast at the Kochuna factory (firm «Nichols and plinke»). Pedestal consists of 600 granite pieces. The monument construction cost 316 000 rubles. Together with creation of the commemorative medals, presentation and conversion of the Alexandrinsky square cost 456 896 rubles. Inauguration with the military parade and fireworks was in 1873. The tables were laid in the in honor of creators.

Your St. Petersburg private guide will pay attention that 20 years after the monument installation damage in its basis revealed. They started thinking in 1890 about the restoration. It was not performed even to the 200 city anniversary. The Town Council employed Barinov to restore it. The lamps surrounding it were repaired by Werfel company in November. In 1905 the sculpture was surrounded by a low iron fence. In everyday life the square is called «Catherine square » or simply « Catherine garden».

You will know from the licensed St. Petersburg private guide that in 18 century Vosstaniya square was the crossroads of the Large prospect and the Novgorod road. Here Nevsky pr. makes the only bend. During 1718-1725 Ligovsky canal to supply the garden fountains was dug. The timber bridge across it was made. The builders tried to lay the route so that the A. Nevsky monastery dome had to be seen. The new street was constructed from the intersection. This route became a Pottery and Telesgnaia streets later. It is written that they attempted to straighten Nevsky pr. But the map shows that the direct route in reality had to be far from the monastery. So this reclamation was impracticable. Nearby there were the poultry, ranger and the elephant yards in 18 c.
Personal St. Petersburg private tour guide will infom you that in 1767 a wooden church of the Lord's Entrance into Jerusalem known as the Lady of the Sign was соnstructed. It was at Nevsky and Ligovsky canal (at the corner) and commissioned by Elizabeth. In 1804 a new stone Church by Demertsov with the iron fence and two chapels was built. The new square, the street (Znamenskaya) comming from it was named after the temple. 3-storey house of merchant Timofeev was founded in the vicinity. In 1850 the carriage Department house was rebuilt by Krasnoepvkov. The Department fire tower well seen from the Znamenskaya square was the visible part of this spot. Subsequently the tower of Nicholas station appeared.

During St. Petersburg private guided tour you will know that in the 1840-s, architect Efimov developed the plan of Znamenskaya square. The plan was realized with the Nicholas (now Moscow) station (Ton) construction. The square has replenished with the hotel. Znamenskaya square became a gateway to Petersburg. The house of the merchant Timofeev was rebuilt by Barchem on request of the new owner a furniture manufacturer Tour. The year later a 4 - storey house Chesnokov was constructed nearby. Ligovsky canal from the Znamenskaya square was taken into the pipe and filled in. On its place there is Ligovskaia avenue now. In 1909 at the square there was equestrian sculpture to Alexander 3 by Trubetskoy. The guests will know from St. Petersburg private guide that in February 1917 on Znamenskaya sq. demonstrations and protests, clashes of the rebels with the police happened. In memory of these events since1918 this place is called Insurrection square.

Licensed St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that in 1930-s the Church had to be closed. The famous scientist Pavlov got married in this temple and being deeply religious often visited it. Then it was closed, in1940 demolished. The monument to Alexander 3 was relocated at the Marble Palace yard (1937). In 1952 the garden on the square was arranged. They planned Lenin's monument there. Metro «Pl. Vosstaniya» pavilion was built by Zhuravleva, Gankevich and Fomina on the site of the temple. You will know from the private guide in St. Petersburg that obelisk to Leningrad was installed to the victory anniversary (1985).

Experienced St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that in1795 Catherine 2 decided to open the monument to the field Marshal  Rumyantsev. It was implemented by Paul 1. The Emperor first tried to persuade children of Rumyantsev not to install an obelisk and to build the chambers on the tsar's expense. They refused. So Paul 1 approved the installation in the memory of his victories and donated 82 441 rub. Brenna made the project. The elements of the «Rumyantsev victories» obelisk were made in Petersburg. Professional St. Petersburg private guide will inform you that it was placed near the river Moika at the field of Mars (height 21,3 m).
Professional St. Petersburg private guide will inform you that the obelisk was made of Serdobol granite, podium of the colored marbles from Olonets region, bas-reliefs of white marble (Italian). When the monument to Suvorov was erected and the obelisk was tansfered to the Marble Palace and later was moved by Rossi to the parade ground between the Arts Academy and the cadet corps (Rumyantsev studied there). Rossi also changed its composition: located it on a granite podium with steps. But later some bronze jewelry decoration was stolen, several items were damaged. Later Voronikhin worked at its restoration. Some details were re-cast by Ekimov. Obelisk was encircled by the garden.
Licensed St. Petersburg private guide will inform you that the Mikhailovsky garden lands before St. Petersburg foundation were the hunting place of the Swedish feudal lord. In 1712 that spot was given by Peter for his wife's residence. The small wooden Palace named «Golden chambers» was built. The lovely garden stretched between the Krivusha and Eric rivers (Griboedov canal and the Fontanka) almost to a Large avenue (Nevsky Prospekt). Gold chambers were called so because the tiled roof was adorned with the high Golden spire. The walls inside on the full height were covered with gilded pieces of skin.
Your St. Petersburg private guide will inform you that the garden was called Tsarina's or the garden of Her Majesty. Finally it was named the 3-rd Summer garden and 50 nightingales were transferred from Moscow and Pskov provinces. Fruit trees, wondrous berry bushes were blooming. To the South 5 rectangular ponds to bred fish were dug. At the Easten part there were Italian wine cellars with foreign wines and food. In greenhouses and hotbeds the gardener Ekliban successfully cultivated bananas and pineapples.
Individual private guide in St. Petersburg will inform you that the alleys of the 3-d Summer garden led to the household outbuilding, stables, storehouse and workers hovel. On the banks of Moika and Fontanka Catherine ordered to arrange alleys for walking. She entered the 2-nd Summer garden alongside the temporary bridge. In 1718 Hanoverian gardener Gaspar Vogt was invited by Peter. He worked in the Pharmacy garden also. The ceiling in one hall of the jetty pavilion was painted with lemon colored figures, arabesques. Above of the doors, mirrors it was painting imitating molding. The walls were dyed yellow. Mahogany furniture was upholstered with blue calico with yellow flowers. During the private tour of St. Petersburg you'll know that the ceiling of another room was embellished with green figures, mahogany furniture covered with chintz with flowers, the walls were green.
During the sightseeing tour St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that the Garden street was extended along the Mikhailovsky garden and protected with artistic fencing. The mistress (1830) of the garden was Elena Pavlovna, Grand Duchess, Grand Duke Mikhail's wife. The Ducal couple arranged horseback riding here, celebrated memorable dates and holidays. Mikhailovsky garden among the citizens received the informal name - garden of Elena. In 1839 during the ball the garden was turned into an exhibition of the Petersburg gardening. For the ball there were brought all the flowers from the Pavlovsk and Oranienbaum greenhouses in 200 carriages to the jetty of the garden. You will know from St. Petersburg private guide that such abundance of rare plants has never been seen before. The garden was superbly illuminated, the fascinating view opened to the Field of Mars and the Neva.
Your Spanish speaking St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that in 1881 near the garden Alexander 2 was wounded and perished the same day. The memorial «Saviour-on-blood» was erected here. It was delimited from the garden with charming artistic fencing of the style art Nouveau. When the Palace became the Museum the garden became available for public. It was the sign on the gate: «Dogs and soldiers walking is prohibited». In 1900 its territory was reduced after building of the Ethnography museum, one of the 2 ponds was filled it was abandoned. Later the pond was cleaned, the fence from Sadovaya street repaired, new trees rose. In November it has suffered from horrific flood. The territory was exploited for unusual installations. Near the Rossi pavilion a wooden sculpture by Solovyov was installed. Sculptor named it «the Tree of liberty» You'll get known from St. Petersburg tour guide that Soloviev cut from the dried oak 3 stages of the Russian's life: serfdom, the fight against the oppressors and the last- the triumph of good and justice.

Your Chinese speaking St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that he sport playground, the stage, new alleys were arranged there. During the war some monuments were dug under the ground there, among which - the equestrian monument to Alexander 3. The trees were damaged by projectiles. Restoration work of the garden began in 1949. The marina fence was restored. The banks in front of a garden were faced with granite and strengthened. On the meadow the bust of skulptor Shubin was placed. Another reconstruction happened in 2004. The ideas of Rossi were used again. The diseased trees were cut down, new were planted. They took away the «Tree of freedom», bust of Shubin, previously laid paths. Personal guide in St. Petersburg will inform you that at the Rossi pavilion the bust of him was installed and the busts of Brullov, Ivanov - copies of the 19 century the works.

Japanese speaking St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that the Soviet authorities had one «luxury» habit - its nomenclature and the army liked to settle in the majestic palaces of nobility. The Vorontsov palace was not exception. After the revolution Infantry officer school was placed there, then cadet school, later - Suvorov military college. It housed also the seat of the Malta order. Paul was the Grand master of this mysterious organization. It was «the Castle of the knights of Malta». In those days there reverently preserved order's jewels, the knights meetings systematically happened there. Over the gate a white Maltese brotherhood cross was placed. In 1798/80 Quarengy attached the Maltese chapel to the secular structure. Portuguese speaking St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that its interiors were rebuilt several times for the «army needs».

Saint Petersburg personal tour guide will tell you that moldings, the wall paintings, the colonnade of the Corinthian order delighted the music lovers since the organ music concerts were held here. The church on this spot was decorated in the modest way. After Paul's death the branch (Russian) of the order stopped to exist. Among the pupils who studied philosophy, mathematics, fencing and dancing here were poets and two sons of Pushkin – Alexander and Gregory and the Decembrists.

You will hear from St. Petersburgprivate guide that the construction started with a large scale in 1749. Elizabeth confirmed erection of representative beautiful house at Sadovaya street for her Vice-Chancellor, devoted companion, and in some sense «relative». Count Vorontsov was married to Empress's cousin. The Palace (by Rastrelli) turned out great. There were 50 gala rooms. The hall with 2 rows of windows was in the center, count Vorontsov's library was nearby, one of the capital most substantial libraries. The Chancellor's house became the complex of buildings with a large regular garden near the Fontanka river. Such «massive» construction required huge investments. When in 1758 the finishing works were completed count Vorontsov had already financial difficulties. He informed the Empress that very soon he will be bankrupt.

Licensed St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that 40 thousand rubles that were presented by the great patroness did not help the situation. Since the new mistress Catherine ascended the throne the count could not use government «assistance» any more and the palace was bought (1763) by the Treasury. For several decades this structure became the house for the noble guests and on Thursdays and Sundays the city masquerades and balls took place here for a fee. The current owners of the Palace- cadets of the Infantry school also organize balls here, which like in old times, sparkle with «epaulettes» glitter and the beauty of youth in the luxurious halls of the old Chancellor's home.

Individual St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that the idea of the monument to the Leningrad defenders appeared. But its implementation was not started immediately. The place for construction was the spot of the «Average Slingshot» (future Victory square). That monument was the part of the Green belt of Glory - memorial sites on the defense borderline. Donations of volunteers were used. Account No. 114292 was opened. Many people transfered money. For example poet M. Dudin donated all his honorarium for the book «Song of Raven mountain». Many competitions did not reveal the winner that delayed construction.

Individual St. Petersburg guide will tell you that the USSR architects Kamensky and Speransky and talented sculptor Anikushin - participants of the city defence - elaborated the project. They worked (before) independently. They started in 1974. In summer a pit was dug and all the piles were hammered. But in the fall many important contractors began with drawing their workers due to the necessity of work on other sites. That is why the volunteers were called. Leningrad residents, workers from other cities or countries participated in works.

Individual St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that the ceremonial opening of his land (upper) part took place in 1975 to the thirtieth Victory anniversary. But 2 million rub. wasn't enough for the complex of memorial. Its 1 stage (terrestrial part) cost for the Treasury 10 227 000 rubles. The 2 (Memorial hall) demanded 0,5 million rubles. The monument adorns the southern entrance to Petersburg. It shows the city's difficult fate. The southern facade is the «Square of victors». On granite pylons 26 bronze sculptures are established - the images of defenders. Sculptural group is turned to the heights Pulkovo the former front line.

Individual private guide in St. Petersburg will tell you that the vertical 48-metre granite pillar is the allegory of Victory in the horrendous war. At thebase - the«Winners» (sculptures): the worker and soldier showing the indissoluble unity (city and front). The link between the «Area of Winners» and a semi-circular «Blockade» memorial hall is the pillar. Wide stairs on 2 sides are leading downwards. The poly lines of the sidewalls, symbolical broken siege ring are associated with chaotic conglomeration of detrimental war. The walls surface maintains the texture of the wooden form work - fortifications of the war years. The «Blockade» hall contrasts with the open space of the square.

Hanging granite ring 124 meters long isolates the hall from the external environment. All elements of the decoration and sound effect make the atmosphere of the temple. Majorant of a hall is the sculptural composition «the Blockade». Its pedestal is low and the bronze figures height a little bit exceeds human hight. Anikushin said that here was everything: the bombing and shelling, and a terrible famine and fierce cold, the suffering and pain of Leningrad tortured by ruthless enemy. Individual St. Petersburg private guide will tell you this story.

Individual St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that in February1978 the underground hall was opened. There is a documentary art exposition about the siege. It is a sample of the classical Soviet architecture. Annually. It is visited by 1 million people. Memorial room «Blockade» is a museum but its quietness and the severity looks like temple. Along its walls 900 lamps like candles are installed - the siege continued for so many days. There are the names of settlements, places of battles. In the memorial hall the documents and articles of the war are exhibited. Here are the mosaic panels «1941 - Blockade» and «Victory», electronic card «Heroic battle», plaque with the names of almost 700 city defenders. In 1995 the display was enriched with the Memory Book, the civilians and solders who gave their lives for Leningrad were mentioned.

Licensed St. Petersburg private tour guide will tell you that the city outpost was settled down (1710) at the spot were the Moscow triumphal arch are located. From here road to Moscow initiated, hence the name of outpost and the future triumphal arch. In 1773 they intended to set a stone triumphal gate here. The project, model was provided by Clerisseau and sculptor E. Falconet. After victorious war with Persia in 1826-1828 and with Turkey in 1828-1829, the suppression of the Polish (1830-1831) uprising, Nicholas I ordered to install the arch at the city entrance to the Moscow road. Together with this the Committee for buildings (1831) approved the draft of the square. Here Moscow highway and canal Ligovsky are crossed. Originally the creation was planned near the Obvodny channel. But becаuse of the relocation of Petersburg border they had to find a new area. The first project was by Cavos. He created the project of the triumphal ensemble of the colonnade, two pyramids and the arch. That was too expensive.  Another option (economical) was offered by Stasov who finished the Narva gates successfully.

Personal private guide in St. Petersburg will tell you that the project of the Moscow gates was made in 1833. By the end of 1832 they were provided with «large» and «small» options. In January 1833 the pencil sketches were ready (of the façade). With the endorsement of the drafts, Stasov began their elaborating. Moscow gate was built of cast iron. At that time Russian masters reached success with this metal. In January 1834 finally was chosen the place of its installation. In January at the square the model of the monument in full size was made. The agreement was signed with the contractor Grigoriev who with his team in 1833-1834 during 20 days produced a shield with a view of the gates. This shield clearly showed all details of the monument. On March 26 1834 Nicholas1 examined this model and left comments about the passage between the columns, the height of the Atticus, approved place of location. At the request of Stasov additionally to the shield another model was manufactured. It was the column in a full size cast at the Foundry. In April a final draft two guardhouses at the Outpost and the gates were ready. After approving of the project on April 20 the large model of the gate was broken.

Personal St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that the columns were cast uncommonly, in parts (of 9 cast-iron blocks). There also the copper capitals were cast. The cast iron products weight was 51 000 poods, copper - 1 000, metal constructions - 5 000 poods. Stasov was personally present at the production. He explained all details to the executors. The foundation was built so: on the pressed bottom of the pit 569 units in 2 rows were laid. They transferred the units from the basement erected for the Smolny convent belfry. On them 4-m. layer of plates from Tosno was put. Piles were not hammered. Moskovskiye gateswere solemnly laid. At the bottom (1834) of the pit platinum, silver and copper, gold coins worth 126 rubles, stones with the initials of important persons and architect Stasov were put.

Personal St. Petersburg private tour guides will tell you that Stasov could not  participate in the gates erection process. All works were headed by junior architect Dimmert who constantly helped Stasov since 1811. In1836 the separate parts were started to be gathered together. The foundry master Zaburdin directed the work . Soon one column was assembled. Stasov and finance minister Kankrin came to inspect it. On December 6 columns of the same row were collected. In 1838 cast iron sculptural decoration was arranged. In one column was the staircase (cast-iron) leading into the inner part of overlap. All the gates entablature was painted dark bronze color, sculpture colour was imitating bronze. The sculptural design by Stasov did not satisfy Nicholas. This work was transferred to Orlovsky. His version satisfied the emperor. But Orlovsky asked for the plaster models such a price that the commission was passed to Demut- Malinovsky. Finally thanks to the Stasov's efforts Orlovsky was engaged this work for 23 000 rubles.

Professional private tour guides in St. Petersburg will tell you that at the same time Orlovsky was busy with the monuments to Kutuzov and Barkly de Tolly. They have created the military trophies, figures of geniuses with the provinces' coats of arms. After the sculptor fall down from high platform for the figure of Barkly de Tolly Orlovsky fall ill but continued to work. He worked on a thumbnail-group model of A.Nevsky intended for the Moscow gates. But it was not ended up as he died in December 1837. Stasov strongly opposed the installation of these sculptures. In the explanatory note he wrote that the big length of the gates makes that group at the front too small and from the side there is not a good view on the reason of narrowness the colonnade. Nikolas had written the inscription on the gates: "For the victorious Russian troops in memory of the feats in Persia, Turkey and in suppressing of revolt in Poland 1826-1831 years". Moscow gates became the largest architectural structure, collected from cast-iron parts. The height is 24 m, length - 36 m. The Geniis of Glory, holding the coats of arms of the principal Russian provinces are on the frieze.

Individual St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that Moscow gates were opened in October 1838 at 11 am. The ceremony was attended by the construction Commission representatives, the guard regiments. The distinguished in Turkish, Persian and Polish companies generals and officers were awarded with gold, silver medals carved to mark this event. Soon after the opening Stasov started to build of 2 symmetrical guard facilities and the gala fence. In the lateral pedestrian passages cast-iron benches for rest of passers-by and delicate columns with «2 lights» were installed. The structure (and 2 guard houses) cost of 1 180 000 rub.

Individual St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that Moscow gates is the last major construction by Stasov. In 1878 under this arch solemnly passed regiments who liberated Montenegro, Bulgaria,  Ajaria, Bessarabia, Serbia, part of Armenia from the Turks. With the reconstruction of the prospect the gates were demolished. They wanted to transfer the gates to the South from the city centre to decorate one of the new parks, modern Victory park. But the Patriotic war prevented those plans. All cast iron parts were seized and transferred to a special warehouse. The private tour will inform you that the decorative elements were taken to the storage in the Arts Academy museum, urban sculpture and Artillery Museum.

Individual St. Petersburg private guide informs that in 1941 cast iron pieces of the gates were utilized for anti-tank facilities at the outskirts. The plans were to rebuild the gates. In 1956 a corresponding decision was adopted by deputies. It was developed by workshop of Lenproject (the leadership of Kaptsug). From 108 pieces of columns only 65 were preserved. 13 figures geniuses were restored but 17 were recreated using the survived examples. In 1961 the arch was on the original place. The inscription pre-agreed with the Ministry of foreign Affairs was restored. The letters in bronze were gilded. Totaly 2 500 000 rub was spent.

Your St. Petersburg private guide will speak about Kronstadt founded in may 1704 as a marine outpost of the capital. It's location is Kotlin island, the Gulf of Finland. In this admirable city of naval Russian glory you will see magnificent Sea Cathedral (1913) by Kosiakov recently restored, the monument to Admiral Makarov, Italian Palace, the monument, Bellinsgausen, Popov, Peter 1, Pakhtusov. There is footstock, hydrometer lath, which marks the original height for the maps of land and sea depth in Russia. The sea trip of Kronstadt forts is optional.

With the licensed St. Petersburg private tour guide you'll visit Kronstadt. Peter dreamed to use huge space from the Neva headwaters to the Baltic. Kronstadt played the special role. Not accidentally returning Russian ancient fortress Nut (Oreshek) that revealed the way to the Neva Peter called it Shlisselburg (Key). The meaning was symbolic. Neva was reopened for Russian ships. Thus Shlisselburg opened the entrance to the Neva. Kronstadt  locked up the entrance to the Gulf. Between these fortresses the capital construction and its seaside residences started.  Kronstadt was conceived as the city region. During 309 years Kronstadt gained fame of the town of seafarers, of soldiers who reflected the enemy attacks many times. Unprecedented resistance and heroism of the citizens who obscured with the fire shield the nearest approaches to Leningrad and with the powerful artillery created the way to the army that had broken the siege.

Your St. Petersburg tour guides will tell the tourists a lot about Kronstadt. Almost three centuries of historical development are embodied in the town planning of Kronstadt and its historical monuments. The island known by Russians in 14th century as Richetrt, then Retusany, later Kotlin was explored in October 1703.  After five months Peter examined the first waterway and decided to erect near the Kotlin a temporary fortress which will protect the Bay. During 1 year the fortress Kronshlot - octagonal log tower, completed with flashlight and a flagpole with height 23 mwas built. The tower was the crucial part of fortifications made of logs using the soil, then brick. All the forts, towers, semi-tower were faced with stone (18 century), later with granite blocks and revel.

Personal St. Petersburg private guide will show you Kronstadt fortress fortifications, which are marked with artistic eccentricity. Its architecture produced mainly in Doric order is laconic and severe that gives the Kronstadt's appearance the special flavor. The most expressive are the gates and outputs to the forts. Excursion in Kronstadt proves this fact. Civil construction was in 1709. Erection of Peter's cabin resembling the log-cabin, preserved in Petersburg dates back to 1709. In 1712 Peter ordered to arrange at Kotlin 1000 houses for the nobles, up to 500 for the merchants of the first and medium Guild and 1000 for the artisans. A year later they began to build forrtess, military, merchant, average harbors. 6 years later they started to implement bold of Peter's idea to dig canals and pond on the island. Excursion in Kronstadt will acquaint visitors with this fact.

Individual St. Petersburg private guide tells about the pond intended to be a giant dock for the warships to be repaired under reliable protection. Peter's idea was implemented in 18-th century when 200 m channel and extensive pool with the stone walls were completed. Trying to underline the significance of Kronstadt in the strategic Gulf Peter suggested Johann Braunstein to make project of majestic lighthouse, which had to be raised above the channel. The lower tier was used as the gate for the ship passage. Shining spire of the lighthouse harmonized with the spires of Admiralty, of Peter and Paul cathedral and the domes of coastal palaces. It was the architectural beacon of «paternal land». With the Peter's death that construction was stopped.

During Saint-Petersburg private tour you will know how in 1712 – 1724 the city developed on the island subordinated to the regular planning with straight streets, intersecting at straight angle with wooden houses built according to the model projects. Wooden houses have not survived, were burned. Not once raged fires forced to move from logs to a stone. From Peter's times 6 provincial houses. The construction was carried out in 1717 - 1724 after the project by Brounshtain. Such houses were built on money of each Russian province, hence their name. During several years 20 or 30 three-storey stone building covered with tiles were erected. Surviving examples of these lapidary structures are typical for utilitarian 18th century architecture. Corners and intermediate part were accentuated by pilasters.

Personal Petersburg guides will tell about the Kronstadt construction leader A. Menshikov. Not accidentally that his favorite large residence Oranienbaum was so close, eight kilometers far. Menshikov built a palace also in Kronstadt, more excellent than his Petersburgand Oranienbaum residences. The 3-storey with high mansard roof adorned with balustrades, vases, sculptures occupied the main place in the town. The shore excursion shows the richness of facades. There were bas reliefs, vases,pilasters. The palace was named Italian (Fountain and artisans from Italy, Prussia).  Italian palace was repeatedly remodeled. The 4-th floor and navigation officer's tower appeared.

Excursion with Saint-Petersburg private guide will acquaint you with the marvelous proportions of the palace. The brilliant realization of the graceful pilasters, of the ground floor demonstrates influence the 18-th century architecture. Mostly attractive is the view from the pond. This edifice is one of the hugest in Kronstadt. So residents often invite guests to the island. Design was based on the geometrically correct scheme, so in 1710 the urban planner Fountain gave completeness to it. In 1761 Chevakinsky designed the amazing Obvodny channel that had to surround the Admiralty. At the Northern side of Obvodny he proposed the avenue. These proposals of remarkable architect have got implementation in 1780 in the structures of Vetoshnikov who fruitfully worked in Kronstadt.

Professional Saint-Petersburg private guide will let you know the Kronstadt architects biographies. The Obvodny channel skillfully faced with granite with warehouses and bars along the bank underlines unique character to the the town's central part. Mirror surface of slowly flowing water reflects the monumental forms of the stone buildings, grille, groups of trees, softening and the severity of the Admiralty. The rope-spinning factory with 400 m long facade, the structure of sailing studios, seven one-type shops create the architectural landscape of infinite channel perspective. Functional elements give the significance to the structures. External staircases (brick) of shops are leading to the 2 floor. Bazhenov who built in 1794 - 1795's the wood shed intended for the oak logs storage, succeeded (preserving strict functionality) in showing stately character of the building.

Personal St. Petersburg private guide will show expressiveness of the boathouse building on the sides of which there are 2 staircases, gates, arranged on 3 sides (1870 by architect Vetoshnikov). He rebuilt six officers' houses and six servant's wings. Officers' house facades were facing the main entrance perpendicular to the servant's houses. Three-storey buildings they are characterized with the unity of the decor. In the 19th-century the Dutch kitchen (in stone) appeared. Its architecture is unusual. Brick red unplastered walls, curly frames resemble in shape 18-th century architectural details and architectural elements (classic) - decorative semicircular arches.

Personal St. Petersburg private guide informs that three pediments create a bizarre combination of the Baroque and classicism. In the 1800s the Kronstadt classical appearance was formed. Among the monuments the Fish rows (1828) is important. On 3 sides structure is surrounded with galleries formed by square pillars. Deprived of different decorative elements the pillars confer to the Fish rows the solemn appearance causing association with the early antique buildings. Classical colonnade was used in the Merchant's yard structure (30-s of the 19-th century). Engineer Maslov based on the type of series of trade rows found the option in which functionality was combined with a laconic decorativeness.

Individual private guide in St. Petersburg will tell you about architect Ahnert. He erected the Lutheran Church with 6 columns and classical portico with a pediment and the naval hospital. Briullov was working in the construction of the town public places. There are many stages of architecture development in Kronstadt monuments. You'll be acquainted with the town planning tasks, resolved in the houses (public, residential) construction. In 1913 Kronstadt was enriched with Marine cathedral which with its proportions competes with similar constructions of Petersburg. After some competitions architect Kosiakov made the  temple's model. The archetype of the Saint Sophia in Constantinople was used.

Personal St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that having studied the famous structures of Byzantine urban planning, architect Kosyakov with the help of academician Kosyakov (his brother) created impressive monument and decorative structure 83 meters long. It became architectural dominant of Kronstadt. The dome resonates with gilded cap St. Isaac's and is well visible from the Gulf, sea coast and from Petersburg. The facades of special yellow brick are partly faced with granite. Pillars, portals and windows are cut of granite. In the design of the facades terracotta ornaments, friezes majolica and mosaic are applied. So saturated with decor is the interior with arcade where marble (white) and plates (black) were used. The names of the officers who perished in fights, also the warship's names are marked on the plates.

Your St. Petersburg guide will demonstrate Naryshkin Bastion. The central, Naryhkin Bastion overlooking the full-flowing Neva the Flag tower was established in 1730s. Originally wooden (in 1731), it was made of stone. From 1732 the flag ("guise") was hoisted. The incomparable flag-staff was cut of larch. The today flagstaff design is of 18 century. It is double fragmented. The lower stately part is 20 m high  half of it is sunk within the tower dome) and topmast, is nearly 10 meters. The Emperor's monogram was arranged there.

Your St. Petersburg private guide will demonstrate you the exposition «Memories in the Alexander Palace». It informs about the family of Nickolas 1. Here they were arrested, then sent towards an impending death. The property of Alexander was erected in the Alexandrovsky park (1792) by Quarenghi in North-western area in 6 years. Fabulous composition of 2-storey palace is impressive. The Central facade with a dome is oriented on the wide perspective of the park. Shore excursions will show proportions which quicken the strict and long facade deprived of decorations. It is beautifully «revealed» from the reverse side created in ceremonial gala forms. The main façade (North) has 4 wings: 2 small and large. Large corbels considerably extended are on the edges and with transverse building are shaped like letter «P». Mediocre wings are amazingly «woven» with the gorgeous 20 columns of the Corinthian order.

Your St. Petersburg private guide will show the balustrade around the building. The colonnade with porticoes and small projections is pushed deeper (as if proceeds from the building directly into the park) creating a reasonable architectural effect. Here Quarenghi perfectly used the usual interior method - built the double colonnade outside, also made the "hall under the sky". The double colonnade was borrowed from the Taurida Palace's gallery by Starov. Majestic musical rhythm of the colonnade is underlined with the columns, projections' pilasters with ramps and stairs arranged before them. The central palace entrance is on the axis of colonnade. At this place (1838) on the edges of the steps of stone on not high sloping ladder statues are mounted. External palace's "picture" existed for 100 years being not changed. Original decoration remained in the gala halls only.

Russia St. Petersburg private guide will tell you about of the palace's reconstruction when the Royal owners were changed. It was housed by Alexander 1 who donated it to Nicholas, his brother. Later there lived Alexander 3, after him Nicholas 2 had chosen convenient building as the residence. By order of each tsar reconstruction was made. The capital reconstruction was during reign of Nickolas when a large right structure was divided in 2 premises (parts) creating new interior. Fascinating guided tour will inform: the Nazis turned the Palace into barracks. The facades were badly ruined, damaged and burned (partially). In 1949 the facades and formal, solemn, majestic halls were restored by Bezverkhny, so the masterpiece began to adorn the area again. Its peculiarity is the location of its gala interiors.

Professional St. Petersburg private guide underlines that usually the palace state rooms (Russia) of 18-th century were located in the mezzanine of the ground floor. The picturesque example is the Tauride Palace erected 10 years earlier by Starov. The core of the Alexander Palace composition is the suite of 3 rooms: the hall with semi-rotunda called Semicircular and two halls on the sides - Portrait and Billiard (Crimson room). All 3 rooms are fastened by passages and perceived as a whole. Their walls are covered with artificial marble (white). Columns' andpilasters' color imitates gold Sienese marble. The architectural appearance of the halls is added by the elegant triple windows separated with projections (pilasters). Alternating with the high windows they supply more sun, light and space. The Palace dominates in the park. Its story starts when the dense, creamiest, impenetrable forest (18th century) near Sarskaya hill was turned into the menagerie.

Enlgish speaking private guide St. Petersburg will tell you that the squares in the Alexander park in 1740 were outlined with channels which are preserved now. In each square entertainment facility characteristic to the 1700s was conceived. On the 1-st square was the Chinese stone theatre under the open sky that (1770). On the2-nd square they made artificial mount of earth «Parnas». In the 4-th square instead of the planned carousel in 1770 little ponds «Ozerki» were dug and included in the landscape. Later it was conducted energetic, administrative and multi-forming, landscape bending of the park. The leading role belonged here to Neyelov, Quarenghi and garden master Bush. In the garden the Chinese ensemble whith the Chinese village was created.

Local Saint-Petersburg private guide will show the guests 2 small Chinese bridges, a Creaking gazebo, Large Caprice, the Chinese bridge with the dragons and Chinese bridge called the Great bridgeor Krestovsky. Genuine originality was prompted by the peculiarities of the terrain, free interpretation of forms, devoid of primitive imitation that give the ensemble exceptional high artistic value. The Chinese structure appeared in the Park in 1779 when using the project by Rinaldi architect Neelov erected Chinese theatre. In the outer shape of the rectangular 3-storey building with an attached two-storey parts only gracefully curved roof was reminding of the Chinese type. In intricate intertwine of the window openings - the Lancet and the square - you can notice the influence of the «Gothic». With a rather modest decor of the facade of the internal decoration of the theatre was distinguished by elegance and variety; this contrast was characteristic for Rinaldi. The shoe excursion focuses the attention of tourists on the interior where authentic Chinese panels of seventh and eighth century painted with gold on black lacquer were used. During your visit to Russia St.Petersburg private guide will tell that they are complemented with the carved wooden sculpture, items made of paper-mache and paintings on fabrics reproducing Chinese motives.

Russian St. Petersburg private guide will speak about the Chinese theatre with the 18 century original decor (destroyed 1941). 4 park bridges: the bridge across Krestovsky channel, a large Chinese bridge with dragons against the main gates and 2 small bridges - were built by Cameron. Chinese stone bridges are on the Triple alley. The «Large» bridge erected in 1785 marks the Alexandrovsky Park's entrance. The tourists will see unusual fence over a wide spread arch with relief archivolt highlighted by sculpture. It consists of elongated granite vases with the «branches of corals». They are intricately intertwined forming latticed tracery. In the middle there are figures of Chinese sitting on gray pedestals with lanterns in hands.

Local Saint-Petersburg private guide will tell you that the Neva splits into many branches: Malaya Neva, Moika, Black,  Fontanka rivers, Griboedov, Kronverksky and Kryukov canals, Bypass channel, Malaya and Bolshaya Okhta, Small, Medium and Large Neva. All rivers form many islands. 74 km long the Neva beginning from Ladoga, empties into the bay. The boat tour gives a lot of impressions, you admire the splendid panorama, make pictures, see many memorable places, learn history. St. Petersburg waterways are mentioned in the books of the classical writers. Among them is the Griboyedov canal. Its forefather was the small winding. 

Local Saint-Petersburg private guide will tell you that when it was decided to clean and deepen this river the wrong riverbed of Krivusha was not aligned. Therefore Griboedov canal trajectory is different from the other canals. Not less famous is Fountain river surrounded by architectural monuments among which Izmailov (Troitsky) Cathedral, Mikhailovsky castle. The Black river is notorious for the duel between Pushkin and Dantes. Today another river Moika has modest parameters. Its maximum depth is 3 meters, width - 40 meters. The Moika was a major waterway for the cargo ships. The water was clean and was used not only for technical purposes.

Professional Saint-Petersburg private guide will tell you that the Stroganov Palace is the example of the Elizabeth Baroque. It is marked with grandeur, elegance but completely devoid of heavy pomposity typical for some buildings of that period. Its history began in1742 when Baron, and further - count Sergey Stroganoff acquired a plot of Nevsky prospect, Moika embankment and the wooden house which he planned to expand and rebuild. Wishing to expand his property he tried to purchase the neighboring plot belonging to the court cook but was refused. The case helped him – the powerful fire destroyed the buildings in the prospectus and in 1752 construction of the new mansion began. For the construction the architect of Romanov's family Rastrelli was invited. The work of the architects and artists close to the court on private orders were not welcomed by the Tsars, but because Stroganovs were not only large Industrialists but also sponsors who helped the country in difficult times for them an exception was made. Since the Baron did not interfere with the architect to implement its ambitious plans relying on his impeccable taste, construction proceeded at a record pace and in 1754 in the 50-room Palace was given great ball was held in the new house was held. With Saint-Petersburg private guide you will see this palace. 

Local Saint-Petersburg private guide will show you the Stroganov Palace. The rooms are located along the perimeter in the form of an irregular quadrangle. The facades overlooking the Neva and the prospect are decorated differently but equally elegant and solemn. In the piers between the windows there are medallions with the male profiles. It is not known whose are these profiles - Baron Stroganov or architect Rastrelli but they give a special charm to the structure. On the 1 floor was a large lobby with the stairs and service premises. The main staircase leads from the gala entrance to the staterooms (2 floor) impressing with highly artistic decoration.

Local Saint-Petersburg private guide will show you the Large ballroom where the decoration since construction was preserved: five large windows, painted plafond by Valeriani, decorative moldings made according to the drawings by Rastrelli. After the death of count the estate passed to his son Alexander. When the Palace was reconstructed most of the interiors have acquired features of classicism. The mineral Cabinet with unique design and content, the Grand bedroom, Corner hall, Picture gallery, Small library were arranged. The unique decoration of premises was supplemented by skillfully chosen decoration - furniture, deluxe lighting fixtures, paintings and graphic canvases, windows with a unique collection samples.

English speaking Saint-Petersburg private guide will tell you that in the palace it was museum of everyday life after revolution. Then there were various institutions where the members were not interested in preservation of interiors. In 1929 it became the Hermitage branch, then all valuable exhibits were taken to the museums, the Academy ofAgriculturehoused it. In 1988 it has got museum status. Nowadays the restoration still continues depending on the investments. Open: Large Dance hall, exhibition of Stroganov family relics. Periodically in the halls art exhibitions are held. Of interest is the wax figures gallery with the figures of the owners.

Professional Saint-Petersburg private guide will show you the Marble Palace (1785, Rinaldi). For decoration A. Rinaldi widely used natural stone - granite and 30 types of marble - hence the name. The Palace was destined by Catherine as a gift to Orlov, her favorite. However, Orlov died before it was ended. After death it was Romanov's property. The last owner was Konstantin, a poet. His pseudonym was KR. Now in his chambers there was an exposition Konstantin Romanov - the poet of the Silver age. Nearby the statue of Alexander 3 by Trubetskoy was installed. There is the permanent exposition: Foreign artists of 18-19th centuries, the Collection of brothers Rzhevsky and Ludwig's museum - showing the of Russian art's development. It also hosts exhibitions where the latest art trends are represented.

Local St. Petersburg private guide will demonstrate you the Marble palace. At this spot it was a pub which in 1714 was converted into the post office with a jetty. First post house was wooden. Here Peter 1 carried out festive events and assemblies. Here was the hotel, guests checked out when of the tsar arrived. Today Postal embankment is called the Palace promenade. On the spot of the post yard arena was built (later burnt). On the empty place Antonio Rinaldi built a palace (1769-1785) that Catherine 2 presented to her favorite count Orlov for help (1762) in the event which led her to the throne. Count thanked her with the diamond of 189 carats.

Local St. Petersburg guide will tell you that before the end of construction the count died and Catherine bought the house from his heirs and she gave it to her grandson Konstantin. Later the house belonged to two Konstantines - Nicholas' son - Konstantin and his grandson Konstantin Konstantinovich. The mansion was even called Konstantinovsky although in Strelna there was the palace called the same name.  Briullov performed reconstruction. After further reconstructions the original appearance of interiors was lost. The building is the Russian museum's brunch from 1992. The interior and the former layout of the premises were restored.

Individual St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that in the basement of the Marble palace the marble box with coins was immured. Catherine 2 personally supervised the work and encouraged particularly distinguished. There were 100 masons and up to 300 artillery of Fusiliers. Huge blocks of marble were delivered along the Neva. For the facades and interiors 32 varieties of marble were utilized. They brought it from quarries near Ladoga and Onega lakes, the Italian white marble. It was cheaper than to carry it from Altai or the Urals. Above the entrance it was installed the plate "Building of gratitude". A tower with a clock has been installed above. And on sides - figures: Fidelity and Generosity (sculptor FI Shubin).

From St. Petersburg private guide you will know that internal interiors are adorned almost by 40 of his works. The service building was erected in the eastern part. Inside there were rooms for coaches, stables, manege and warehouses for straw. On the 2-nd floor were flats for servants. The red canal between the Neva and the Moika was filled up. The buildings were surrounded with the grille (Egorov) that was similar to the Summer garden's fence. Rinaldi has managed to implement two functions: city house and noble country estates. The southern, Western and Northern facades organically entered in urban areas, and from the yard side, we see aristocratic mansion with voluminous courtyard, garden and fence. The Western part was intended for household needs, had the same plan as the main part, it was closed by front facades of the buildings placed along Millionnaya, the Palace embankment and Marble lane.

Individual St. Petersburg private guide will show you the interiors of the Marble Palace. According to Rinaldi's idea the characteristic feature of the staircase had to be its artistic decoration as a continuation of a stone decor embellishing the facades. Restraint in the design of the staircase is explained with the desire of Catherine to convey the front entrance courageous and uncompromising image identifying its owner' status The staircase is ornamented with statues of Morning, afternoon, Evening and Night symbolizing childhood, youth, maturity, old age. On the landing from the second floor to the third - sculptures embodying autumn and the spring equinox. All allegorical symbols were glorifying military valor, courage and heroic deeds of Grigory Orlov.

Spanish speaking Saint-Petersburg guided tours inform: the 1 floor contained kitchen, houses with boiler and the church. In office rooms various mechanisms were placed. At Milionnaya street there was machine for water delivery with pump for water supply in ceremonial baths of the 2 floor. In the srtucture along Marble lane there was a well, a pump for water supply to the Garden. Pool cleaning mechanisms were located in Nevsky house. In the Marble hall there are bas-reliefs "Sacrifice" by Rinaldi made for the St. Isaac's Cathedral. Next were Orlovsky and Catherine halls praising the Orlovs brothers and Catherine herself and Grigory's chambers. Art gallery represents 206 masterpieces (Rembrandt,Titian, Raphael). In another part there were Greek and Turkish baths. The 3 floor was location of the living rooms. The hall for games with ball was in structure along the Marble lane.

German speaking St. Petersburg tours will inform you that exhibits are reflecting the world important role of Russian art. The exhibition "Foreign artists 18-19 centuries" tells about the relationship of the Russian and European artists. The collectors Peter and Irene Ludwig (Germany) presented works by modern European, American and Russian (1995) artists. Expositions are: "Collection of brothers Rzhevsky" and exhibition "Konstantin Romanov - the poet of the Silver age".

English speaking St. Petersburg guide will inform you that the museum of hygiene of the medical diseases prevention Center is at the Italian street. It is in the mansion (1755), the monument of architecture made by architect Savva Chevakinsky. The style is Baroque. In 1877 appeared the idea of museum when some Russian exhibits were recognized in Brussels at the exhibition of hygiene. In 1893 and 1913 it was organized 2 major Russian hygienic exhibitions. Items displayed at the hygiene exhibition of 1913 were the basis for the museum permanent exhibition. It was adopted in 1918 by medical scientists.

Insider St. Petersburg private guide will inform you that the Museum was opened in 1919. For the Commissariat of health of the Northern region it was granted one of the best mansions which owner was count Shuvalov. The Museum pursued the following tasks: to promote knowledge among the citizens by means of creation of stationary and mobile exhibitions, lectures and distribution of literature of the medical content. Huge interest in health education contributed to the rapid expansion of the museum of health. The Museum exposition was enriched with the achievements of scientific progress in the form of various electrified layouts, schemes and other items represented now.

Professional St. Petersburg guides will inform you that from 1928-1938 it happened museum retooling, thus it enabled to reach its development top and to obtain not only gratitude from Commissariat of health for creation of the unique Republic health care museum but international recognition. It was restored and quickly involved in work after the war. The Museum exhibits were restored, they contributed to creating of the renovated interior. Illustrative material became more affordable and acquired modern importance. This gave the visitors possibility to study the exhibits.

St. Petersburg private guide will inform you that the hygiene museum representing unit of the сity medical prevention center implements the task to increase the sanitary culture and form skills of a healthy lifestyle among the local population by acquaintance with the medicine, hygiene, promotion of development of modern medicine, exploration the anatomical person's characteristic, ecological situation, healthy lifestyle popularization, prevention of alcoholism, drugs, smoking. The Museum organizes various excursions: "Health is the main value", "reproductive health", "Movement - health", "Healthy nutrition is a foundation of health" and others.

You can be invited by St. Petersburg private guide to in the Gardens of Live Butterflies  Mindo. It was called by visitors - the butterfly museum. Here you contemplate the corner of tranquility and harmony. Guests are transferred to the jungle's ambiance, to cloudy forests where born and live these charming winged creatures. Watch swirling around you butterflies sitting and drinking nectar with the long proboscis. Some beauties just having a rest on the leaves allow to look at them from close distance. Butterflies also not averse to sit waving their wings on the visitors they liked. Close contact with the indwellers of magic world easily brings from the mundane to the corner of fantasies. You turn back in childhood to witness incomparable transformation  and the Butterfly's birth!

Individual St. Petersburg private guide will show you breathtaking beautiful butterfly! At the same time 200 Blue Morpho butterflies were born in the gardens in March!!! This is rare even in captivity. In the wild nature it is unreal to see so many Blue Morpho at once! The pupaes arrived not long ago from the forests (tropical) of the Caribbean coast of Belizeand now these beauties,  up to 14 centimeters size are flying in the garden. Blue Morpho is, without exaggeration, the most beautiful in the world. It's wings shining metallic luster and changes color depending of illumination from light blue to blue-green during the flight.

Individual St. Petersburg private guide will show you that the wings (underside) are adorned with several pairs of holes of different size and of brown color. Butterfly Morfey has many subspecies differing from by the form and color of the wings. They live in the forests of the Amazon in Brazil, Peru Colombia, Belize, Ecuador, Venezuela. It is the Amazon jungle's pearl. In some Indian tribes in Amazon Morpho is considered to be a sacred creature. According to the legend, it brings message of Heavens to Earth. It can pass God's deepest desires. Its elegance is unique and surreal bright sparkling glitter of the wings is just crazy! Age of butterflies is relatively short but compared with other species, Morpho is a long-liver. Some butterflies can live 1,5 months!

Your St. Petersburg private guide will tell you about unusual museum of bread opened in 1988. It was the only in Russia but the 13-th in the world. It was granted national status (1993). From the name follows iit's sense. People were always interested in bread. While evolving of technology bread characterized relations with nature. Always the human life was accompanied by bread. Archaeological and written evidences exist. The bread was mentioned the songs, legends, hymns, rites were conducted in its honor. Bread and salt met the newlyweds, newborn, respected guests. Love to bread was inculcated, toeach subsequent generation, invested in child from his birth. Bread allows you to investigatethesociety's everyday life. The collections show life and customs of our ancestors learning history of "daily bread". There is evidence of the bakery ancient culture. Visitor can trace the history of Petersburg bakery.

To proof the craftsmanship of masters of bakery, confectionery shops St. Petersburg private guide will show you selection of pastries. Inside there is a small town with bakery proper facilities which manufactured products for the poor. There is the exposition reminiscent of the tragic events in Leningrad. In the Department dedicated to the blockade there are 125 grams of bread, baked from meal, oat flour, hydrocellulose and flour dust. It was baked already now but using the recipes of the war period. The Museum is collecting, making researches, conducting exhibition and educational work (10 000 exhibits). It is collecting paintings about "Food and painting". There are excursions for all categories of visitors. For years baking recipe has not been changed and used for centuries. Urban residents used spades, shovels, hand mills, the jars. City culture led changes in the entire people's life. St. Petersburg guide informs that together with ordinary clay and wooden utensils forms for baking cakes, gingerbread, metal ware known in Russia came into use.

Your St. Petersburg private guide will underline that the variety of recipes of the Russian traditional cuisine and also European became a basis for the culinary books and dictionaries. City restaurants and pastry constantly competed in the skill of cooking, colorfully offered in the menu. The tea drinking custom was adopted long ago. Samovars in (18-th c. appeared) were made of different shapes and dimensions and quickly occupied a special place in the habitations. The Russian tea traditions are caramel, sweet tea, candies, cakes and a pretzel and brilliant samovar. Confectionery brand of merchants was the packing boxes used also as advertising, real works of art from sketches of preeminent artists. The tables were arranged with special care covered with tablecloth, delicious food and drinks were offered in the painted dishes,crystal decanters and glasses, silverware, bottles with artistic labels and expensive chinaware.

Your St. Petersburg private guide underlines that esteemed holiday always was the Passover. They prepared to it in advance. It lasted for a week, tables were loaded with plenty of  items. The main decoration were cakes prepared in special forms. Eggs were painted, red eggs predominated. People presented each other chocolate, porcelain, sugar, wood, and sometimes golden eggs. In the soviet times bakery acquires features of industrialization. Bakery enterprises where all the processes were largely mechanized were built. Together with the traditional assortment piece goods which portrayed the Soviet symbols were produced. The peaceful life was broken by voice of Levitan in June 1941, sounded at the radio and subsequent bombings. Since September the blockade began causing famine and severe deprivation. Bread norm in 1941 during the month amounted to 250 grams for workers and 125 others, you know from St. Petersburg guide. This is confirmed by official reports and extant bread cards.

Your St. Petersburg private guide will show the Grand model of Russia. You get around Russia with the child during one weekend. There is the huge mockup of Russia where in detail you see the attractions in miniature and life in all parts: oil rigs, HPPs and mining in Siberia, Baikal lake, tundra, even the pig farm, trains and cars moving in all directions across the country. Like real! There is even mini "Sapsan" train. The layout is huge, solid (exception is the Kaliningrad region, which understandably is placed separately). The Ural and Caucasus ridges rest on the ceiling, in imagination they can continue above the ceiling. Coming from St .Petersburg look at the room's end but Vladivostok is not visible.

Your St. Petersburg private guide will show the layout of Russia for children. What you can touch and what to watch? To view it better place a child on a special skirting around the layout. It is particularly interesting to consider the details. Here you can even see the microscopic gulls on the handrails and eaves of buildings, scenes with people: here's someone pushes a broken car, the police arrested criminals and peaceful gatherings on the bench in the courtyard. And even in this small replica of the country various events are happening. For example, every five minutes near the Ural mountain range begins forest fire: it is a real smoke, appears fire, fire engines come, extinguish the fire.

Or freight wagonsare connected to locomotive, it drives and on it's place comes another train. Looking at one piece of the layout with St. Petersburg guide one can see a lot of things (impossible to touch). On the layout there are special buttons for visitors: pressed - powered separate part of the layout. It is easy to work with excavator in open pits or to make fall a tree on a tree felling. There are 15 buttons and 50 buttons wil be to be installed. You can look inside (bottom) through the special peephole and see how we engage in multi-level junctions cars and trains.

With St. Petersburg private guide you see how every 15 minutes from the East to the West night comes and gradually from Vladivostok to Kaliningrad light is lit in the windows. So it is dark in the hall and there is feeling of real night and everybody stop moving. You can rent an audio guide and binoculars (to consider distant parts), the number of trains on the railway will increase from the current 30 to 350. Downstairs here is the cloak room, cafe (budget dishes). They promise to open an educational centre with technical circles and ship modeling club for kids.

Your St. Petersburg private guide will show you exhibition "Water world" located in halls on the 3 - 5 floors of the old water tower. The documents, images, objects, collection of sanitary devices and hatches allow in accordance with historical material to show the history of aqueduct in Petersburg from foundation until today. It starts with the history of the aqueduct of different people of the Ancient world, Russia. Besides the models, drawings, films visitors will see original items, different wells, wooden pipes etc. The second part on the 3 floor demonstrates water supply since the first years of Petersburg existence until 1858 (the society of the city water pipelines was established).

Your St. Petersburg guide informs that during the first 150 years of the city the inhabitants of the houses on the embankments of numerous rivers, creeks and channels provided water themselves. Inhabitants of houses leaving far from water sources used the services of water carriers. Already in time of Catherine 2 during construction of the main streets the underground channels to drain rainwater were made. But the centralized sewerage appeared in the 20 century. Of interest the history of the tower which houses a museum is represented (4 floor).

Your St. Petersburg private guide informs that he centralized water supply  was laid in the city by creating joint-stock society of water pipelines which Charter was approved by Alexander 2. That was the birthday of Petersburg Vodokanal. In the story about development Petersburg water there is philosophy of scientific progress, decisions related to water purification feeding into our homes or enterprises and all the components of our everyday life. Also historical documents, drawings are presented. You can visit director's office to see pictures of old baths, toilets, and most interesting items.

Your St. Petersburg private guide will speak about the heroic, self-sacrificing work of Vodokanal employees in the war years. During the blockade the enemy paid special attention to the water and sewer structures, shelled and bombed them as extremely important for the city objects' life. Many specialists of Vodokanal were transferred to the barracks. For smooth operation of vital systems high price was paid. 882 persons did not see the salute in honor for lifting of the siege. The section 2 is devoted to the modern Sewerage services and water supply of the city. Here you can learn how sue Vodokanal produces and supplies drinking water and transports the wastewater.

Your St. Petersburg private guide will tell you that in the left annex of the old water tower multimedia exhibition "the underground world of St. Petersburg" is hosted and large-scale map of the Neva with modern equipment to show the city hydrological regime, ecological situation. In the lobby a giant model of Petersburg historical center, created by the order of Vodokanal by the Institute of architecture is located. The layout is alive, lights and shines with lights; also on the screen the film about the modern water supply, water's significance in the city's life is demonstrated.

This journey with St. Petersburg guide along the installation "The underground world" allows to trace the water's path beneath the streets. From water intakes at the Neva bottom, through the filter department of supply station, through the water main guests get to the ordinary house basement where water rises in the apartment. They walk along the sewers' bottom, visit the island White where in 1978, the first big complexes of wastewater facilities - central aeration station was opened. In this museum section the theatrical approach helping visitor is used.

Your St. Petersburg private guide informs that multimedia exhibition "the universe of water" shows the water's importance in our life and on the planet. The exposition of the complex consists of many elements, each of which represents a particular aspect of the water existence and all together they create a full picture of knowledge, reflect the traditions of water use, show the problems of the water preservation. It is based on multimedia technologies and effects, spatial and text objects. The use of emerging and changing each other images in the space of the great hall, change of lighting scenes and sounds immerses the viewer into being in constant motion atmosphere the same endlessly changeable as the water itself. 

Your St. Petersburg private guide will demonstrate exhibition complex "Water in nature". It presents the current information of the origin of water, its unique properties, chemical composition, circulation. Visitor slightly opens secrets of water, scientific hypothesis about water in the universe. Down the center aisle halls of multimedia complex the guest will witness the seasons changing: the snow will fall, then autumn rain, the thunderstorm and summer rainbow. Giant screens demonstrate different appearance of water in nature, as it is beautiful, strong, and sometimes dangerous.

Moving further with St. Petersburg private guide through the labyrinth of the hall, the audience will see on separate screens videos revealing the world of water from different sides: water appearance on the Earth, water properties, its memory, water cycle, paradoxes, the religious rites with it, mineral water, curative properties, legends of the healing water. The space complements the various exhibits. Each one illustrates seen on the screen, the viewer has alive associations, stimulates creative thinking, the desire to find in habitual things. Almost all objects are uncovered: please, make different actions, experiences touch. On the walls various statistical data on water, scientific expressions and images are installed.